Gdańsk Lech Wałęsa Airport

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Gdańsk Lech Wałęsa Airport

Port Lotniczy Gdańsk im. Lecha Wałęsy
Summary
Airport typePublic
Owner/OperatorPort Lotniczy Gdańsk Spółka z.o.o.
ServesTricity, Poland
Elevation AMSL149 m / 489 ft
Coordinates54°22′39″N 018°27′58″E / 54.37750°N 18.46611°E / 54.37750; 18.46611
Websiteairport.gdansk.pl
Map
GDN is located in Poland
GDN
GDN
Location of airport in Poland
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
11/29 2,800 9,186 Asphalt/Concrete
Statistics (2023)
Passengers served5,907,280 Increase
Aircraft Movements49,502 Increase
Source: Polish AIP at EUROCONTROL[1] Statistics: Airport site

Gdańsk Lech Wałęsa Airport (Polish: Port Lotniczy Gdańsk im. Lecha Wałęsy, formerly Polish: Port Lotniczy Gdańsk-Rębiechowo, German: Flughafen Danzig Lech Walesa) (IATA: GDN, ICAO: EPGD) is an international airport located 12 km (7.5 mi) northwest[1] of Gdańsk, Poland, not far from the city centres of the Tricity metropolitan area: Gdańsk (12 km (7.5 mi)), Sopot (10 km (6.2 mi)) and Gdynia (23 km (14 mi)). Since 2004 the airport has been named after Lech Wałęsa, the former Polish president. With around 6 million passengers served in 2023, it is the 3rd largest airport in Poland in terms of passenger traffic.

History[edit]

Early years (1910s–1950s)[edit]

The first passenger flights in Gdańsk were operated in the year 1919 from an airfield in the Langfuhr district of the Free City of Danzig (now the Wrzeszcz district of Gdańsk).[2] It was possible thanks to a transformation of that military location into a civilian facility. The airport was at that time additionally used for airmail services and by the police.[citation needed] In the next years, the airport continued acquisitions of further areas which allowed it to expand and invest in modern infrastructure. The technical development of Gdansk Wrzeszcz Airport (Danzig-Langfuhr Airport) was followed by the launching of regular routes to Warsaw, Berlin, Moscow, Königsberg and other important cities of the region. The flights were operated by numerous international aviation companies.

A Junkers F.13 at Danzig-Langfuhr in 1921.

The first Polish route was served between Gdańsk, Warsaw and Lviv by Aerolloyd beginning in September 1922.[citation needed] The company initially used Junkers F.13 aircraft on that route. This domestic service was the beginning of the company which later became LOT Polish Airlines, which is still Poland's national carrier.

A railway connection to Gdansk Wrzeszcz Airport was built in the 1920s. This was followed by new tram tracks in 1930. The airport itself had a concrete runway which had light and navigation facilities allowing aircraft to land and to take off at night. In the 1930s, Gdansk Wrzeszcz Airport served fewer than 2 thousand passengers annually[citation needed], but it was an important international hub that connected four countries and provided transport facilities between Polish cities.

The airport in Wrzeszcz was an important base of the German air forces during World War II. Even before that, German pilots had been trained on the grounds of this airport. Heavy bombings and other military activities led to the destruction of the airport.[citation needed] However, it was reconstructed after the war and it was provided with modern technologies which allowed the airport to develop. Old domestic routes as well as many international destinations were relaunched. The airport had regular connections to countries like Hungary, Germany, Bulgaria, Denmark and Sweden.

New location since 1970s[edit]

As the airport facilities became old and nonfunctional at the end of the 1960s (including runway lights which forced airport authorities to ban night flights), a new location near the village of Rębiechowo was chosen. The airport had to be built somewhere else also because of further urban development.[citation needed] New areas were needed in order to make it possible for the public investors to construct new buildings for the growing population of Gdańsk. Furthermore, a new longer runway was necessary in order to allow larger jet airliners to take off and land safely as the era of modern jet aircraft began. The old airport in Wrzeszcz was officially closed on 1 May 1974, and a large housing estate was built on its grounds.[citation needed] Nowadays, only a few remaining elements of the old Wrzeszcz airport infrastructure can be found, including remnants of its main north–south oriented runway in what is now the Zaspa district.

After the closure of the old airport, the new one was built, and it opened in 1974 near the village of Rębiechowo[2] (on westernmost land incorporated into the Gdańsk borough of Matarnia in 1973). The airport acquired its current name in 2004. There was some controversy as to whether the name should be spelled Lech Walesa (without diacritics, but better recognizable in the world) or Lech Wałęsa (with Polish letters, but difficult to write and pronounce for foreigners, the closest English phonetic approximation being "Vawensa").

Since 1993, Gdańsk Airport has been owned 31.45% by the authorities of Pomeranian Voivodeship, 29.45% by the city of Gdańsk, 1.14% by the city of Gdynia, 0.35% by the city of Sopot and 37.61% by Polish Airports State Enterprise.[citation needed] In 2006, the airport served for the first time in its history more than 1 million passengers per year. In 2010, the passenger number was higher than 2 million. After the construction of a new modern passenger terminal with extended capacities (the opening took place in April 2012 ahead of the UEFA Euro 2012 football championships), the airport continued its development and it served for the first time over 3 million passengers in a single year in 2014. In summer season 2015, airlines flying to and from the airport served over 50 regular routes as well as charter and cargo flights.

Airport infrastructure[edit]

Airside facilities[edit]

Gdańsk Lech Wałęsa Airport has a single asphalt-concrete runway in the direction of 11/29.[3] The runway is 2,800 m (9,200 ft) long and it is equipped with a modern ILS CAT IIIB[4] allowing aircraft to land in foggy weather. The decision height established for the approach system in Gdańsk is 30 m (98 ft), whereas the visibility minimum for pilots varies from 125 m (410 ft) to 300 m (980 ft), the higher value being required in the initial one-third of the runway's length. In addition, the navigation facilities at the airport are supplemented with a modern wide area multilateration system.[5]

The runway as well as taxiways are equipped with light aids system using LED technology. The lighting of the runway can be remotely controlled from the flight control tower. The runway has eight exit taxiways leading to five parking aprons where up to 18 middle-sized aircraft (e.g. Boeing 737 or Airbus 321) can be parked. The airport also has an extra apron used in winter for de-icing of aircraft. The deicing pad has been constructed in a way which allows keeping up ecological standards.

Passenger terminals[edit]

Public area at Terminal T2
Departures area at Terminal T2

Gdańsk Lech Wałęsa Airport has two passengers terminals (T1 and T2), of which only Terminal T2 is currently in use. Terminal T1 was built in 1993. The building is connected with the newer Terminal T2 with a bridge. The old building is planned to be torn down in the future.

The new terminal, called Terminal T2, is a modern building with characteristic architectural elements, the roof imitating waves at sea being an example of them. It was constructed west of Terminal T1. The first part (departures only) was completed in 2012, and the arrival area started operations in September 2015.

Terminal 2 has a direct link to a railway station. It has 25 check-in desks, a highly modern luggage transport and sorting facility and a spacious departure area with gates. At the airport in Gdańsk, eight jet bridges are available for airlines to use. The terminal handled 3.3 million passengers in 2014 which was about 66% of its maximum capacity. However, after the completion of the new arrival area, the maximum capacity of the airport is now estimated at 9 million passengers per year. The terminal offers services such as tourist information, shops, kiosks, bars, currency exchange desks, different car rentals and an executive lounge. There is also a conference room and facilities for handling VIP passengers and general aviation flights.

Airlines and destinations[edit]

Passenger[edit]

AirlinesDestinations
Corendon Airlines Seasonal: Antalya
Enter Air Charter: Hurghada[6]
Seasonal charter: Antalya,[7] Burgas,[6] Corfu,[8] Enfidha,[6] Girona,[6] Kos,[8] Tirana,[9] Varna[7]
European Air Charter Seasonal charter: Burgas
Eurowings Seasonal: Düsseldorf[10]
Finnair Helsinki (resumes 31 March 2024)[11]
KLM Amsterdam
LOT Polish Airlines[12] Warsaw–Chopin
Seasonal: Rzeszów,[13] Zielona Góra
Lufthansa Frankfurt, Munich
Norwegian Air Shuttle[14] Bergen, Oslo
Ryanair Alicante, Barcelona, Beauvais, Belfast–International, Bergamo, Billund, Brindisi (begins 1 May 2024),[15] Copenhagen, Cork, Dublin, Edinburgh, Gothenburg, Hamburg, Kraków, Leeds/Bradford, London–Stansted, Málaga, Malta, Manchester, Paphos, Pisa, Podgorica, Prague, Rome–Ciampino (begins 3 April 2024),[16] Rome–Fiumicino, Riga,[citation needed] Sandefjord, Skellefteå (begins 2 April 2024),[15] Stockholm–Arlanda, Treviso, Wrocław
Seasonal: Aarhus,[17] Bristol,[17] Burgas, Chania, Corfu, Lublin, Newcastle upon Tyne, Santorini, Växjö,[17] Zadar
Scandinavian Airlines Copenhagen
Smartwings Seasonal charter: Burgas, Dubrovnik, Heraklion, Tirana
Swiss International Air Lines Seasonal:Zürich
Wizz Air Aberdeen, Ålesund, Alicante,[18] Barcelona, Beauvais, Bergen, Copenhagen,[18] Dortmund, Eindhoven, Gothenburg, Hamburg, Haugesund, Larnaca, Liverpool, London–Luton, Málaga,[19] Malmö, Oslo, Reykjavík–Keflavík, Rome Fiumicino (begins 1 April 2024),[20] Sandefjord, Stavanger, Stockholm–Arlanda,[21] Tenerife–South,[18] Tromsø, Trondheim, Turku
Seasonal: Burgas,[22] Heraklion,[23] Leeds/Bradford,[24] Split,[25] Tirana,[26] Valencia[27] Verona

Cargo[edit]

AirlinesDestinations
DHL Aviation[28] Leipzig/Halle, Tallinn
FedEx Feeder[29] Katowice, Paris-Charles de Gaulle
UPS Airlines[30] Berlin

Statistics[edit]

Traffic[edit]

Annual passenger traffic at GDN airport. See Wikidata query.
Aircraft at Gdańsk Lech Wałęsa Airport
Year Passengers Passengers Change Cargo (t) Flight operations
1999 249,913 1,472 10,512
2000 269,960 Increase 8.0% Increase 1,552 Increase 11,586
2001 319,174 Increase 18.2% Increase 1,953 Increase 14,052
2002 318,033 Decrease 0.4% Increase 2,211 Decrease 13,450
2003 365,036 Increase 14.8% Increase 2,686 Increase 14,346
2004 463,840 Increase 27.1% Increase 2,742 Increase 17,500
2005 677,946 Increase 46.2% Increase 3,433 Increase 19,000
2006 1,249,780 Increase 84.3% Increase 4,037 Increase 24,200
2007 1,708,739 Increase 36.7% Increase 4,757 Increase 28,200
2008 1,954,166 Increase 14.4% Decrease 4,610 Increase 31,000
2009 1,890,925 Decrease 3.2% Decrease 4,067 Decrease 30,000
2010 2,232,590 Increase 18.1% Increase 4,487 Increase 32,000
2011 2,483,000 Increase 11.2% Increase 4,943 Increase 34,360
2012 2,906,000 Increase 17.0% Decrease 4,851 Increase 37,022
2013 2,843,737 Decrease 2.1% Increase 4,918 Increase 42,041
2014 3,288,180 Increase 15.6% Increase 5,658 Decrease 39,974
2015 3,706,108 Increase 12.7% Decrease 5,162 Increase 40,261
2016 4,004,081 Increase 8.0% Decrease 4,863 Increase 41,079
2017 4,611,714 Increase 15.0% Increase 5,500 Increase 43,422
2018 4,980,647 Increase 8.0% Increase 6,213 Increase 46,482
2019 5,376,120 Increase 7.9% Increase 6,887 Increase 48,882
2020 1,711,281 Decrease 68.2% Increase 7,028 Decrease 25,558
2021 2,154,563 Increase 25.9% Increase 9,171 Increase 29,298
2022 4,576,705 Increase 112.9% Increase 10,189 Increase 43,987
2023 5,907,280 Increase 22.5% Increase 11,483 Increase 49,502

Airlines[edit]

Passenger airlines serving GDN, excluding charters (2015-2023)[31][32]
Airline Passengers (2023) Passengers (2022) Passengers (2021) Passengers (2020) Passengers (2019) Passengers (2018) Passengers (2017) Passengers (2016) Passengers (2015)
Wizz Air 2,337,023 Increase 1,658,135 Increase 797,797 Decrease 813,244 Decrease 2,460,163 Increase 2,259,969 Increase 2,037,832 Increase 1,862,137 Increase 1,772,840
Ryanair 2,144,934 Increase 1,733,101 Increase 702,598 Increase 442,698 Decrease 1,262,600 Increase 1,194,672 Decrease 1,312,084 Increase 1,026,016 Increase 820,590
LOT Polish Airlines 284,433 Increase 236,235 Increase 138,057 Decrease 142,242 Decrease 334,731 Increase 328,136 Decrease 328,905 Increase 299,902 Increase 250,268
Lufthansa 219,806 Increase 176,990 Increase 80,103 Increase 63,976 Decrease 267,812 Decrease 273,326 Increase 246,301 Decrease 270,349 Decrease 277,245
KLM Royal Dutch Airlines 164,857 Increase 139,947 Increase 125,561 Increase 74,955 Decrease 151,220 Increase 120,231 Increase 47,826 Increase 0 0
Norwegian Air Shuttle 146,823 Increase 112,303 Increase 28,784 Decrease 32,162 Decrease 154,303 Increase 123,874 Increase 86,668 Increase 79,986 Increase 73,829
Scandinavian Airlines 144,146 Increase 102,292 Increase 34,270 Decrease 53,423 Decrease 213,133 Decrease 213,384 Decrease 219,827 Increase 199,351 Increase 164,628
Swiss International Air Lines 19,349 Increase 10,223 Decrease 10,310 ? Decrease 22,885 Increase 0 0 0 0
Eurowings 14,415 Increase 14,191 Increase 6,656 Increase 5,196 Decrease 6,518 Increase 0 0 0 0
Finnair 0 Decrease 23,797 Increase 1,812 Decrease 4,964 Decrease 60,301 Increase 51,538 Increase 33,131 Increase 31,099 Increase 21,563
Air Baltic 0 0 0 Decrease ? Decrease 7,243 Increase 0 0 0 0
easyJet 0 0 0 0 Decrease 17,348 Increase 0 0 0 0
Air Berlin - - - - - - 17,891 Increase 15,239 Decrease 69,156
Ukraine International Airlines 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 3,310 Increase 0

Ground transportation[edit]

Rail[edit]

SA 136 passenger train at the railway station at Gdańsk Lech Wałęsa Airport

Pomorska Kolej Metropolitalna (PKM, the 'Pomeranian Metropolitan Railway) connects Gdańsk Lech Wałęsa Airport with Wrzeszcz, Gdynia Główna railway station and downtown Gdańsk. It connects to the Fast Urban Railway.[33]

Bus[edit]

The airport has bus connections with Gdańsk-Centre, [34] Gdańsk-Wrzeszcz railway station, Gdańsk-Łostowice and Sopot – Kamienny Potok railway station.[citation needed]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "EAD Basic - Error Page". www.ead.eurocontrol.int. Archived from the original on 2013-10-05. Retrieved 2009-07-29.
  2. ^ a b "Historia lotniska". Gdansk Lech Walesa Airport (Press release). Port Lotniczy Gdańsk im. Lecha Wałęsy.
  3. ^ "Droga startowa". Gdansk Lech Walesa Airport (Press release). Port Lotniczy Gdańsk im. Lecha Wałęsy.
  4. ^ "Port Lotniczy Gdańsk". www.airport.gdansk.pl. Archived from the original on September 16, 2021.
  5. ^ "Pierwszy w Polsce system multilateracyjny uruchomiony w Gdańsku". Aviation24.pl (Press release). Aviation24.pl.
  6. ^ a b c d "Coral Travel". coraltravel.pl. Archived from the original on 2019-03-29. Retrieved 2019-02-25.
  7. ^ a b "Charter flights". tui.pl. Archived from the original on 2018-06-14. Retrieved 2018-10-26.
  8. ^ a b "Schedule of flights". grecos.pl. Archived from the original on 2020-06-27. Retrieved 2020-06-25.
  9. ^ "Bilety czarterowe - tanie bilety lotnicze | Biuro podróży TUI". www.tui.pl. Archived from the original on 2018-11-08. Retrieved 2018-10-26.
  10. ^ "Direct (non-stop) flights from Gdansk to Dusseldorf". FlightsFrom.com. 25 October 2017. Retrieved 31 December 2023.
  11. ^ "News | Finnair". Archived from the original on 2023-06-15. Retrieved 2023-06-15.
  12. ^ "Route map". lot.com. Archived from the original on 2020-11-16. Retrieved 2021-02-26.
  13. ^ "Latem znów polecimy z Rzeszowa do Gdańska". Pasazer (in Polish). 1 February 2023.
  14. ^ "Route map". norwegian.com. Archived from the original on 2018-04-25. Retrieved 2021-02-15.
  15. ^ a b "Takiego połączenia lotniczego z Gdańska jeszcze nie było". 6 December 2023.
  16. ^ "Ryanair NS24 Network Additions – 10DEC23".
  17. ^ a b c "Ryanair NW23 Network Changes – 17SEP23".
  18. ^ a b c "Вісім нових рейсів Wizz Air із чотирьох аеропортів Польщі". Archived from the original on 2023-05-10. Retrieved 2023-05-10.
  19. ^ "Na narty i nad morze. Nowe połączenia Wizz Air z Polski". 3 November 2022. Archived from the original on 3 November 2022. Retrieved 4 November 2022.
  20. ^ "Wizz Air NS24 Network Additions".
  21. ^ "Wizz Air establishes operations at Stockholm Arlanda with two new direct routes". 26 September 2023.
  22. ^ "Wizz Air пуска нов летен маршрут от Бургас". Archived from the original on 2021-04-15. Retrieved 2021-04-15.
  23. ^ "WIZZ – Dream more. Live more. Be more". Archived from the original on 2021-04-10. Retrieved 2021-04-10.
  24. ^ "5 nowych tras Wizz Aira z Polski! Wystartują już za miesiąc". Archived from the original on 2022-10-04. Retrieved 2022-09-29.
  25. ^ "Wizz Air announces new route from Poland to Split". avioradar.hr. Archived from the original on 23 January 2021. Retrieved 22 January 2021.
  26. ^ "Wizz Air with new routes from Gdansk and Poznan to Albania". paszer. Retrieved 7 December 2022.
  27. ^ "Do Rzymu i Walencji z Wizz Air".
  28. ^ "Boeing 757 and Airbus A300 operating from Gdańsk – Gdańsk Airport website, PL". Archived from the original on 2022-05-03. Retrieved 2021-03-18.
  29. ^ "FedEx Express expands network in Europe, Middle East and Asia – Post & Parcel". 9 November 2012. Archived from the original on 2016-03-24. Retrieved 2012-11-10.
  30. ^ "UPS opens a base in Gdańsk Airport, SprintAir handling the flights – Gdańsk Airport website, PL". Archived from the original on 2021-04-18. Retrieved 2021-03-18.
  31. ^ "Ponad 4,6 mln obsłużonych pasażerów i cel 5 mln w 2018!". Gdansk Lech Walesa Airport (Press release). Port Lotniczy Gdańsk im. Lecha Wałęsy. Archived from the original on 2019-04-22. Retrieved 2018-01-18.
  32. ^ Archived copy Archived 2021-01-28 at the Wayback Machine
  33. ^ "SKM Trójmiasto: Strona główna". www.skm.pkp.pl. Archived from the original on 2014-12-27. Retrieved 2015-01-12.
  34. ^ Gdańsk, Silesia Transport na zlecenie ZTM. "ZTM Gdańsk » Rozkłady jazdy". ztm.gda.pl. Archived from the original on 2009-09-09. Retrieved 2009-08-24.

External links[edit]

Media related to Gdańsk Lech Wałęsa Airport at Wikimedia Commons