Greenwood County, Kansas

Coordinates: 37°52′N 96°16′W / 37.867°N 96.267°W / 37.867; -96.267
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
(Redirected from Greenwood County, KS)

Greenwood County
AT&SF Railroad Depot in Eureka (2013)
Map of Kansas highlighting Greenwood County
Location within the U.S. state of Kansas
Map of the United States highlighting Kansas
Kansas's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 37°52′00″N 96°16′00″W / 37.8667°N 96.2667°W / 37.8667; -96.2667
Country United States
State Kansas
FoundedAugust 25, 1855
Named forAlfred B. Greenwood
SeatEureka
Largest cityEureka
Area
 • Total1,153 sq mi (2,990 km2)
 • Land1,143 sq mi (2,960 km2)
 • Water9.3 sq mi (24 km2)  0.8%
Population
 • Total6,016
 • Density5.3/sq mi (2.0/km2)
Time zoneUTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional district4th
WebsiteGreenwoodCounty.org

Greenwood County is a county located in the southeast portion of the U.S. state of Kansas. Its county seat and most populous city is Eureka.[2] As of the 2020 census, the county population was 6,016.[1] The county was named for Alfred Greenwood, a U.S. congressman from Arkansas that advocated Kansas statehood.

History[edit]

Early history[edit]

For many millennia, the Great Plains of North America was inhabited by nomadic Native Americans. From the 16th century to 18th century, the Kingdom of France claimed ownership of large parts of North America. In 1762, after the French and Indian War, France secretly ceded New France to Spain, per the Treaty of Fontainebleau.

19th century[edit]

In 1802, Spain returned most of the land to France, but keeping title to about 7,500 square miles. In 1803, most of the land for modern day Kansas was acquired by the United States from France as part of the 828,000 square mile Louisiana Purchase for 2.83 cents per acre.

In 1854, the Kansas Territory was organized, then in 1861 Kansas became the 34th U.S. state. In 1855, Greenwood County was established, and named for Alfred B. Greenwood,[3] a U.S. Congressman from Arkansas.

The first railroad in Greenwood County was built through that territory in 1879.[4]

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,153 square miles (2,990 km2), of which 1,143 square miles (2,960 km2) is land and 9.3 square miles (24 km2) (0.8%) is water.[5] It is the fifth-largest county in Kansas by area.

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Population pyramid based on 2000 census age data
Historical population
CensusPop.Note
1860769
18703,484353.1%
188010,548202.8%
189016,30954.6%
190016,196−0.7%
191016,060−0.8%
192014,715−8.4%
193019,23530.7%
194016,495−14.2%
195013,574−17.7%
196011,253−17.1%
19709,141−18.8%
19808,764−4.1%
19907,847−10.5%
20007,673−2.2%
20106,689−12.8%
20206,016−10.1%
U.S. Decennial Census[6]
1790-1960[7] 1900-1990[8]
1990-2000[9] 2010-2020[1]

As of the 2000 census,[10] there were 7,673 people, 3,234 households, and 2,153 families residing in the county. The population density was 7 people per square mile (2.7 people/km2). There were 4,273 housing units at an average density of 4 per square mile (1.5/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 96.53% White, 0.83% Native American, 0.14% Black or African American, 0.10% Asian, 0.81% from other races, and 1.58% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.72% of the population.

There were 3,234 households, out of which 27.10% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.50% were married couples living together, 6.60% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.40% were non-families. 30.30% of all households were made up of individuals, and 16.80% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.31 and the average family size was 2.86.

In the county, the population was spread out, with 23.70% under the age of 18, 6.50% from 18 to 24, 23.20% from 25 to 44, 23.70% from 45 to 64, and 22.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43 years. For every 100 females there were 95.50 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.50 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $30,169, and the median income for a family was $38,140. Males had a median income of $27,021 versus $19,356 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,976. About 8.20% of families and 12.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.20% of those under age 18 and 10.10% of those age 65 or over.

Government[edit]

Greenwood county is often carried by Republican Candidates. The last time a Democratic candidate has carried this county was in 1936 by Franklin D. Roosevelt.

Presidential elections[edit]

Presidential election results
United States presidential election results for Greenwood County, Kansas[11]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 2,444 79.43% 569 18.49% 64 2.08%
2016 2,160 76.06% 485 17.08% 195 6.87%
2012 1,590 74.89% 478 22.52% 55 2.59%
2008 1,619 71.04% 622 27.29% 38 1.67%
2004 2,282 70.35% 911 28.08% 51 1.57%
2000 2,392 67.17% 1,027 28.84% 142 3.99%
1996 1,932 53.15% 1,108 30.48% 595 16.37%
1992 1,411 36.62% 1,262 32.75% 1,180 30.63%
1988 2,217 59.66% 1,421 38.24% 78 2.10%
1984 2,901 70.45% 1,173 28.48% 44 1.07%
1980 2,685 64.62% 1,241 29.87% 229 5.51%
1976 2,319 55.96% 1,737 41.92% 88 2.12%
1972 3,157 74.49% 951 22.44% 130 3.07%
1968 2,937 65.99% 1,122 25.21% 392 8.81%
1964 2,717 56.59% 2,048 42.66% 36 0.75%
1960 3,758 67.46% 1,804 32.38% 9 0.16%
1956 4,164 70.01% 1,763 29.64% 21 0.35%
1952 4,974 73.70% 1,743 25.83% 32 0.47%
1948 3,553 57.31% 2,574 41.52% 73 1.18%
1944 3,959 63.99% 2,187 35.35% 41 0.66%
1940 4,893 60.34% 3,160 38.97% 56 0.69%
1936 4,146 49.68% 4,176 50.04% 23 0.28%
1932 3,592 46.37% 4,002 51.66% 153 1.97%
1928 5,863 78.53% 1,554 20.81% 49 0.66%
1924 4,181 64.02% 1,794 27.47% 556 8.51%
1920 3,422 68.34% 1,478 29.52% 107 2.14%
1916 2,971 48.28% 2,956 48.03% 227 3.69%
1912 954 25.83% 1,334 36.11% 1,406 38.06%
1908 2,370 59.16% 1,545 38.57% 91 2.27%
1904 2,458 63.70% 1,211 31.38% 190 4.92%
1900 2,204 53.28% 1,917 46.34% 16 0.39%
1896 1,835 46.79% 2,064 52.63% 23 0.59%
1892 1,734 49.01% 0 0.00% 1,804 50.99%
1888 2,242 56.89% 1,110 28.17% 589 14.95%

Laws[edit]

Greenwood County was a prohibition, or "dry", county until the Kansas Constitution was amended in 1986 and voters approved the sale of alcoholic liquor by the individual drink with a 30% food sales requirement.[12]

The county narrowly voted "No" on the 2022 Kansas Value Them Both Amendment, an anti-abortion ballot measure, by 50.16% to 48.84% despite backing Donald Trump with 79% of the vote to Joe Biden's 18% in the 2020 presidential election.[13]

Education[edit]

Unified school districts[edit]

School district office in neighboring county

Communities[edit]

2005 KDOT Map of Greenwood County (map legend)

† means a community is designated a Census-Designated Place (CDP) by the United States Census Bureau.

Cities[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

Ghost towns[edit]

Townships[edit]

Greenwood County is divided into fifteen townships. The city of Eureka is considered governmentally independent and is excluded from the census figures for the townships. In the following table, the population center is the largest city (or cities) included in that township's population total, if it is of a significant size.

Township FIPS Population
center
Population Population
density
/km2 (/sq mi)
Land area
km2 (sq mi)
Water area
km2 (sq mi)
Water % Geographic coordinates
Bachelor 03625 230 1 (4) 155 (60) 1 (0) 0.70% 37°49′57″N 96°12′21″W / 37.83250°N 96.20583°W / 37.83250; -96.20583
Eureka 21825 451 3 (8) 149 (58) 2 (1) 1.50% 37°50′41″N 96°17′49″W / 37.84472°N 96.29694°W / 37.84472; -96.29694
Fall River 22800 229 1 (4) 154 (60) 2 (1) 1.13% 37°42′36″N 96°12′4″W / 37.71000°N 96.20111°W / 37.71000; -96.20111
Janesville 35000 548 1 (4) 371 (143) 2 (1) 0.62% 37°59′4″N 96°11′29″W / 37.98444°N 96.19139°W / 37.98444; -96.19139
Lane 38425 167 1 (3) 138 (53) 1 (0) 0.52% 37°58′36″N 96°0′59″W / 37.97667°N 96.01639°W / 37.97667; -96.01639
Madison 44075 1,155 4 (9) 320 (124) 3 (1) 0.85% 38°7′32″N 96°12′11″W / 38.12556°N 96.20306°W / 38.12556; -96.20306
Otter Creek 53650 211 1 (2) 290 (112) 2 (1) 0.55% 37°40′20″N 96°24′0″W / 37.67222°N 96.40000°W / 37.67222; -96.40000
Pleasant Grove 56375 52 0 (1) 150 (58) 2 (1) 1.57% 37°47′21″N 96°1′41″W / 37.78917°N 96.02806°W / 37.78917; -96.02806
Quincy 58175 163 1 (3) 155 (60) 1 (0) 0.38% 37°51′8″N 96°2′59″W / 37.85222°N 96.04972°W / 37.85222; -96.04972
Salem 62650 35 0 (0) 233 (90) 2 (1) 0.89% 38°1′45″N 96°24′29″W / 38.02917°N 96.40806°W / 38.02917; -96.40806
Salt Springs 62875 463 3 (7) 182 (70) 10 (4) 5.16% 37°38′55″N 96°3′59″W / 37.64861°N 96.06639°W / 37.64861; -96.06639
Shell Rock 64600 173 1 (3) 136 (53) 1 (0) 0.87% 38°5′53″N 96°1′18″W / 38.09806°N 96.02167°W / 38.09806; -96.02167
South Salem 66925 127 1 (1) 224 (87) 3 (1) 1.13% 37°52′42″N 96°27′4″W / 37.87833°N 96.45111°W / 37.87833; -96.45111
Spring Creek 67425 154 1 (3) 139 (54) 1 (1) 0.93% 37°47′49″N 96°26′50″W / 37.79694°N 96.44722°W / 37.79694; -96.44722
Twin Grove 71825 601 4 (11) 148 (57) 1 (0) 0.57% 37°38′7″N 96°14′3″W / 37.63528°N 96.23417°W / 37.63528; -96.23417
Sources: "Census 2000 U.S. Gazetteer Files". U.S. Census Bureau, Geography Division. Archived from the original on August 2, 2002.

See also[edit]

Community information for Kansas

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "QuickFacts; Greenwood County, Kansas; Population, Census, 2020 & 2010". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on August 16, 2021. Retrieved August 16, 2021.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. pp. 144.
  4. ^ Blackmar, Frank Wilson (1912). Kansas: A Cyclopedia of State History, Embracing Events, Institutions, Industries, Counties, Cities, Towns, Prominent Persons, Etc. Standard Publishing Company. pp. 795.
  5. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
  6. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 24, 2014.
  7. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved July 24, 2014.
  8. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 24, 2014.
  9. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Archived (PDF) from the original on March 27, 2010. Retrieved July 24, 2014.
  10. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  11. ^ "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections".
  12. ^ "Map of Wet and Dry Counties". Alcoholic Beverage Control, Kansas Department of Revenue. November 2006. Archived from the original on October 8, 2007. Retrieved December 28, 2007.
  13. ^ Panetta, Grace (August 3, 2022). "14 of the 19 Kansas counties that rejected an anti-abortion amendment voted for Trump in 2020". Business Insider. Retrieved August 3, 2022.
Notes

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

County
Maps

37°52′N 96°16′W / 37.867°N 96.267°W / 37.867; -96.267